Matt Zand is a programmer, businessman, IT Consultant, and writer. He is the founder and owner of WEG2G Group. He is also the founder of DC Web Makers. His hobbies are hiking, biking, outdoor activities, traveling and mountain climbing.
But, the Internet was a huge beast and a website could not easily be created and maintained by one developer alone.
Therefore, web development was split into two different categories: frontend and backend. The difference between the two can be a bit vague and there certainly are web developers capable of both programming the front and the backend of a website. Generally, a frontend web developer is a programmer that handles any part of a website that directly interacts with a potential user. So, say a company wants to set up an incredibly annoying popup for their weekly newsletter that no one really cares about. The front end developer would be responsible for ensuring that this popup looks appealing and that the format of it is easy to understand for a new user to the site. They could be responsible for the graphical design of the newsletter and they were probably the one in charge of determining where the buttons/text boxes are placed on the popup. Front end developers essentially deal with all the components of the website that a user visually sees and interacts with. One of most popular front end frameworks is Bootstrap. It is originated by Twitter Company and now is used by million sites in the world. Read “7 Reasons Why You Should Build Your Site With Bootstrap” article to learn more:
As you can see, frontend and backend developers handle different parts of a website. There really is not much else to it. As I said before, sometimes the lines are a bit blurry and someone may crossover between a backend and frontend developer. Both also must work together in order to ensure the success of a website, as having a cool looking and well-formatted website doesn’t mean anything unless it actually works efficiently and is secure. It just goes to show, that as time has gone on, websites have become much more complex and well-developed, as frontend and backend development were not always so well-defined.